If Connecticut had 3 or 4-thousand foot mountains we would have been treated to beautiful scenes like these from Killington, VT and Stowe, VT this past week.
When moisture is trapped in the low levels of the atmosphere you can get these dramatic views of an undercast. Just like overcast except under!
Frequently these areas of low level moisture get trapped horizontally on one side of a mountain and vertically by a temperature inversion. Inversions are locations in the atmosphere where temperatures increase with height (they typically decrease with height). The phenomenon isn’t rare – it happens almost every day – but when there’s enough moisture below the inversion you get clouds that are trapped.
Here’s a model forecast sounding from Springfield, VT this morning (not far from where the first picture was taken).
While temperatures near the ground are around 2ºC temperatures at 2200 ft are near 6.5ºC! That’s a difference of nearly 10ºF. Coupled that with adequate low level moisture (notice the red and green line, or temperature and dew point are close together) you get clouds.
Enjoy the undercast up north – hopefully the overcast in Connecticut breaks soon!